Illegal annexation of Crimea
People’s Deputies of Ukraine called on the international community to use all sanctions mechanisms to put pressure on Russia
KIEV – The Verkhovna Rada adopted an appeal to the United Nations, the European Parliament, the Parliamentary Assemblies of the Council of Europe, the OSCE, NATO and other international institutions with a call to condemn the temporary occupation of Crimea and violations of human rights on the peninsula.
This is stated in the resolution of the Verkhovna Rada, which was published on the website of the parliament on February 16.
The resolution was supported by 314 people’s deputies of the unicameral 450-seat parliament, with the required minimum of 226 votes.
The explanatory note notes «basic provisions» of this document: continuation of the policy of non-recognition, condemnation of the annexation of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol and the temporary occupation of certain areas of Donetsk and Luhansk regions, consolidation of international cooperation to restore the territorial integrity of Ukraine, including within the framework of the Ukrainian political and diplomatic initiative «Crimean platform».
«The appeal of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine will be another step towards the further use of all available international legal, political, diplomatic and sanctions mechanisms to counter the armed aggression of the Russian Federation against Ukraine.», – emphasize the authors of the Explanatory Note.
Occupation history and summit «Crimean platform»
Summit «Crimean platform», as noted in the Office of the President of Ukraine, scheduled for August 23, 2021.
«The date of the Crimean summit has already been clearly defined – August 23, 2021. The president’s office works together with the Foreign Ministry to prepare appropriate invitations to world leaders, the corresponding concept, the summit program, organizational issues», – said in an interview with TSN.ua in the second decade of January, Deputy Head of the Office of the President of Ukraine Igor Zhovkva.
He noted that at the summit «Crimean platform» it is necessary to make specific decisions on the de-occupation of the peninsula.
The illegal annexation of Crimea by Russia took place in February 2014: armed men in unmarked uniforms seized the building of the Verkhovna Rada of the ARC, the Council of Ministers of the ARC, as well as the Simferopol airport, the Kerch ferry crossing, other strategic objects, and also blocked the actions of the Ukrainian troops.
On March 16, 2014, an unrecognized by most countries of the world took place on the territory of Crimea and Sevastopol «referendum» on the status of the peninsula, according to the results of which Russia included Crimea in its composition.
International organizations recognized the occupation and annexation of Crimea as illegal and condemned Russia’s actions. The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine officially announced the date of the beginning of the temporary occupation of Crimea and Sevastopol by Russia on February 20, 2014, according to the website Crimea..
International system work
«Ukraine initiates «Crimean platform», sought a resolution at a meeting of the UN General Assembly, updated «Crimean issue» in all appeals to international authorities. This work was carried out systematically and stably», – says Anton Kuchukhidze to the correspondent of the Russian Service «Voices of America».
He notes that in the issue of the de-occupation of Crimea – «instruments of pressure on Russia are limited».
«One of our actions – to convey to Western countries factual information about internally displaced persons, from Ukrainians who live on the territory of Crimea, about repressions. As one of the options, bringing to the concrete results of litigation to compensate Ukraine for all financial losses», – emphasizes Anton Kuchukhidze.
According to him, it is not so easy to obtain the result in the de-occupation of the peninsula, it is enough to recall the example of the unification of Germany..
«The unification took place because the big players agreed, and today there are no agreements on Crimea between the big players. The West supports Ukraine, but Russia is deploying new weapons in Crimea and does not support dialogue», – emphasizes Anton Kuchukhidze.
In domestic politics, the Ukrainian government has developed, the political scientist notes, a number of programs for immigrants from Crimea.
«But there are problems, no one denies this, but the tactics of the state – create conditions on their territory for those who left. However, the economic crisis in the country does not allow us to do everything to make these programs work effectively.», – believes Anton Kuchukhidze.
Deoccupation – internal and external mechanisms
Internet Community Leader «Ukraine – the weight! Prospects and development», political scientist Dmitry Voronkov notes that serious international solidarity is needed for the de-occupation of Crimea.
«The West can have a greater impact on Russia, more powerful. Especially now, given that recently Ukraine has begun to actively declare the likelihood of Russia’s deployment of nuclear weapons on the peninsula. – this one cannot be accepted by either the US or the EU», – says Dmitry Voronkov to the correspondent of the Russian Service «Voices of America».
«The voting took place after the blocking of the Medvedchuk channels in the fight against Russian propaganda. It is obvious that the authorities are making constant efforts to enlist the support of the Ukrainian electorate. The parties have latent fears of losing their ratings and an understanding of the increasing risks of possible re-elections to parliament. It can also be said that such actions aimed at fighting Russia help distract citizens from internal problems.», – notes Dmitry Voronkov.
«If some countries did not have personal commercial interests in cooperation with Russia – such documents would have a greater effect», – emphasizes Dmitry Voronkov.