America’s intelligence community, explained
The increase in spending is due to a shift in intelligence focus from counterterrorism to competing with Russia and China
US intelligence spending could rise to nearly $ 86 billion.
The 6% growth reflects the Trump administration‘s proposed increases in defense and national security spending, as well as a sharpened focus on threats from Russia and China.
Director of National Intelligence Dan Coates has released a draft general budget for US intelligence agencies, and the Pentagon has released its estimated intelligence spending for the next fiscal year, which begins in October..
The budget covers a wide variety of spending areas, including spy satellites, cyber weapons, and the CIA’s network of foreign spies and informers.
At the same time, neither the administration nor Congress publishes details of the so-called «black» budget which is classified.
The budget provides $ 62.8 billion for the national intelligence program, which is overseen by the director of national intelligence, and $ 22.95 billion for the Pentagon’s military intelligence program..
While the details of the budget are classified, the overall change in spending is attributable to increased costs due to a shift in focus from counterterrorism to espionage and countering cyber threats from other countries..
This is the first intelligence agency budget to reflect new national security and national intelligence strategies. These documents describe the challenges from China and Russia and argue that the United States has entered into a new competition with them as great powers..
According to former and current officials, both the overall Pentagon budget and the classified intelligence budget suggest an increase in spending on the potential necessary to compete with Russia and China, in particular, on cyber operations..
According to these sources, countering the potential of China and Russia, – more complex and costly business than the fight against terrorism. Therefore, shifting the focus of intelligence agencies to the so-called rivalry of the great powers with Moscow and Beijing requires more resources, former officials say..
Like all administration budget proposals, intelligence funding must be approved by Congress..
The overall intelligence budget began to shrink in 2011 when US troops left Iraq and tactical military intelligence spending declined..
The intelligence budget, which Coates oversees, began to decline in 2012, but has been growing since 2016. Military intelligence spending began to rise in 2018 along with new investments by the Donald Trump administration in the Pentagon budget